This small village (1389) was a sattelite post of Delft based around the locks along river nieuwe Maas. Delft didn't have a open connection to the sea, so with this sattelite post they avoided tolls being levied by the neighbouring and competing city of Rotterdam.
Fishing, shipbuilding and the distillery of jenever were the main sources of income. The Dutch East India Company, had important wharfs and warehouses in Delfshaven, and one of the company's most famous commanders, Piet Hein, was born (1577) here. In the end the Dutch East India Company went bankrupted and the local economy collapsed, dragging everyone in poverty.